BMA - Illustrated Medical Dictionary - A Dorling Kindersley Book - dokument [*. pdf] The British Medical Association ILLUSTRATED MEDICAL. Medical Dictionary: Essential A-Z Quick Reference to Over 5, Medical Terms PDF Free. Download [Direct Link] - ma, 25 mrt GMT BMA. BMA Illustrated Medical Dictionary: Essential A-Z Quick Reference to Over 5, Medical Terms PDF Free Download [Direct Link] The British Medical Association’s BMA Illustrated Medical Dictionary is a guide to over illustrated medical terminologies. Today, in this article, we.
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The BMA Illustrated Medical Dictionary gives comprehensive coverage of anatomical terms, disorders, tests, It is the essential dictionary for general practitioners, students and those with an interest in the medical field. صيغة الكتاب: pdf. It's good time! Time for reviewing Bma Illustrated Medical Dictionary Pdf, as best seller book in this wolrd. Do not have it? Too bad. Currently, you can download. The British Medical Association ILLUSTRATED MEDICAL DICTIONARY Superior CORONARY ARTERY Aorta Left main coronary Any structure that encircles.
In this form, the skin in fold areas is both thicker and darker than the surrounding skin, and there is usually excessive sweating in affected areas. The condition may improve with weight loss. Infectious organisms usually reach internal organs via the bloodstream, or they penetrate tissues under the skin through a wound.
An abscess may cause pain, depending on where it occurs. Most larger absces- ses cause fever, sweating, and malaise.
Those that are close to the skin often cause obvious redness and swelling. Antibiotics, antifungal drugs, or amoe- bicides are usually prescribed as appropriate. Most abscesses also need to be drained see drain, surgical , and in some cases a tube may be left in place to allow continuous drainage. Some abscesses burst and drain spon- taneously.
Occasionally, an abscess within a vital organ damages enough surrounding tissue to cause permanent loss of normal function, or even death.
Bacteria can also gain access to the pulp when a tooth is injured. The infection in the pulp then spreads into the surrounding tissue to form an abscess.
Abscesses can also result from periodontal disease, in which bacteria accumulate in pockets that form between the teeth and gums. The affected tooth aches or throbs, and biting or chewing is usually extremely painful. The gum around the tooth is tender and may be red and swollen. An untreated abscess eventu- ally erodes a sinus channel through the jawbone to the gum surface, where it forms a swelling known as a gumboil. As the abscess spreads, the glands in the neck and the side of the face may become swollen, and fever may develop.
Treatment may consist of draining the abscess, followed by root-canal treat- ment of the affected tooth, but in some cases extraction of the tooth is neces- sary. Antibiotics are prescribed if the infection has spread beyond the tooth. Acarbose acts on enzymes in the intestines, inhibiting the digestion of starch and therefore slowing the rise in blood glucose levels after a carbohydrate meal.
Unlike the other cranial nerves, most of the accessory nerve originates from the spinal cord. The small part of the nerve that originates from the brain supplies many muscles of the palate, pharynx throat , and larynx voice box. Damage to this part of the nerve may cause diffi- culty in speaking and swallowing. The spinal part of the nerve supplies large muscles of the neck and back, notably the sternomastoid and trapezius.
Dam- age to the spinal fibres of the nerve paralyses these muscles. A high pro- portion of deaths in young adults, particularly among males, are acciden- tal. Many of these deaths are due to road traffic accidents, drowning, or drug overdose. Falls in the home and burning or asphyxiation due to fire are common causes of accidental death in elderly people.
Fatal accidents at work have become less common with the intro- duction of effective safety measures.
At rest, the eye is focused for distant vision, when its lens is thin and flat. To make focusing on a nearer object possible, the ciliary muscle of the eye contracts, which reduces the pull on the outer rim of the lens, allowing it to become thicker and more convex. With age, the lens loses its elasticity. This makes accommodation more and more difficult and results in a form of longsightedness called presbyopia.
ACE inhibitor drugs A group of vaso- dilator drugs used to treat heart failure, hypertension, and diabetic nephropathy. ACE angiotensin converting enzyme in- hibitors are often prescribed with other drugs such as diuretic drugs or beta- blocker drugs. Possible side effects include nausea, loss of taste, headache, dizziness, and dry cough.
Possible adverse effects include lethargy, nausea, diar- rhoea, and impotence. In medicine, acetic acid is an ingredient of antiseptic gels that are used for certain vaginal infections.
Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter found at all nerve- muscle junctions and at many other sites in the nervous system. The actions of acetylcholine are called cholinergic actions, and these can be blocked by anticholinergic drugs. This raises acetylcholine levels, and, in half of all patients, the drugs slow the rate of progression of dementia. They have no effect on dementia due to other causes, such as stroke or head injury, however.
Com- mon side effects include nausea, dizziness, and headache. Rarely, diffi- culty in passing urine may occur. When the drug is taken in large doses, vomiting or rash may occur as rare side effects. As a result, the lowest part of the oesopha- gus is narrowed and becomes blocked with food, while the part above widens. Symptoms include difficulty and pain with swallowing and pain in the lower chest and upper abdomen.
A barium swallow a type of barium X-ray examination and gastroscopy may be performed to investigate achalasia. Oesophageal dila- tation allows the oesophagus to be widened for long periods. Surgery to cut some of the muscles at the sto- mach entrance may be necessary. Achilles tendon The tendon that raises the heel. The Achilles ten- don is formed from the calf muscles gastrocnemius, soleus, and plan- tar muscles and is attached to the calcaneus heel-bone.
Minor injuries to the Achilles tendon are common and can result in inflammation tendinitis. Violent stretching of the tendon can cause it to rupture; in such cases, surgi- cal repair may be necessary. This may be due to chronic atrophic gastritis or to an absence or malfunction of acid-producing parietal cells in the stomach lining.
Achlorhydria may not produce symptoms but is asso- ciated with stomach cancer, however, and is a feature of pernicious anaemia see anaemia, megaloblastic. The condition is caused by a dominant gene see genetic disorders but often arises as a new mutation.
The long bones of the arms and legs are affected mainly. The cartilage that links each bone to its epiphysis the growing area at its tip is converted to bone too early, preventing further limb growth. Those affected have short limbs, a well- developed trunk, and a head of normal size except for a protruding forehead.
Local adverse reac- tions commonly occur after topical use.
Other side effects are uncommon but can include nausea and vomiting. Acid molec- ules, when mixed with or dissolved in water, split up to release their con- stituent ions; all acids release hydrogen as the positive ion.
See also acid—base balance; alkali. The body has three mechanisms for maintaining normal acid—base balance: Buffers are substances in the blood that neutralize acid or alka- line wastes.
Rapid breathing results in the blood becoming less acidic; slow breathing has the opposite effect. Finding it difficult to download? Read the Download Guide below: DMCA Disclaimer: Please bear in mind that we do not own copyrights to these books.
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